Gobies: Going, Going, Gone? - The Process

Last updated on Mon, 2011-10-17 09:10. Originally submitted by Jenny on 2011-06-16 15:21.

Sinarapan, compared with the size of a 10-cent coinYour team will:

  1. Research the geographic distribution of the two species of goby
  2. Research the human uses of the two species of goby
  3. Research sustainable habitat preservation methods
  4. Develop a plan to study the effect of one sustainable method
  5. Create a presentation to secure funding for your study

Divide the tasks 1 through 4 among your group members so that each person has one research task. Work together to complete tasks 5 and 6.

Task 1. The Biology of Mistichthys luzonensis and Pandaka pygmaea

The Question: Why are the populations of these two species of goby so sensitive to current fishing practices?

Explore what's known about these two species by entering the scientific names at the Fishbase website. For more information read about the Pandaka pygmaea .To find out more about why Sinarapan are threatened go to Mistichthys luzonensis.

Task 2. Geographic Distribution of Mistichthys luzonensis and Pandaka pygmaea

The Question: Where are these two species of goby found?

Create a map showing the geographic distribution of these two species by entering the species name at the OBIS Portal. On the OBIS Portal, select the "Search Data" tab and then select the "Click search and browse taxa". Enter the scientific name of the gobies."Click to search and browse datasets". When the database search is complete, select "Update map". Once the map appears, you may change its orientation by using the menu above the map. If you would like to save a map click on "Show results" then click on "Download" and "WMS","Show Background, and "Save as image".

To find the locations where this species has been collected, use the scientific name search at Fishbase. How does geography explain the occurrence of these species? What geography related factors have influenced the population of the gobies? Find out about Mangrove habitats in the Philippines.

Task 3. Human uses of Mistichthys luzonensis and Pandaka pygmaea

The Question: What uses do humans have for these small goby species?

To learn more about human uses of Sinarapan read “The World’s Smallest Commercial Fish.”

Task 4. Sustainable Habitat Management

The Question: What are some possible sustainable strategies for habitat management?

Find out what is being done to restore habitat in freshwater systems and action being taken in the Philippines. What is the status of mangrove habitat in the Philippines?

Task 5. The Plan

Since you are a team of research scientists, your plan will need the following parts:

  1. Research question- State a question that your research project will answer.
  2. Background information- Provide information that someone would need to know in order to understand your plan. Be sure to cite sources of information. This is the place to put information about goby biology, geographic distribution, human uses of gobies, and sustainable habitat management methods.
  3. Hypothesis- A statement that describes the expected outcome of your project
  4. Materials- What you will need to conduct your research or implement your project and why these are essential
  5. Procedure- List the steps you would take to conduct your research
  6. Why your team thinks the plan will work- Link this to goby survival and sustainability of the goby populations. Show a cause and effect relationship.

Task 6. The Presentation

Now it's time to sell your plan. There's only so much money to go around. Will your presentation convince the foundation to fund your plan? Your presentation should include all the elements of your team's plan. Use visual aids. These might include maps, pictures, charts, tables, and/or an outline of key points. The presentation may be done use a computer-based presentation program or overhead transparencies. Each person should be responsible for presenting at least one part of the plan.

Follow these links to go to the other sections of the lesson

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With in-kind support from:
Marine Geospatial Ecology Lab, Duke University
Universidad Simón Bolívar Flanders Marine Institute

OBIS strives to document the ocean's diversity, distribution and abundance of life. Created by the Census of Marine Life, OBIS is now part of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, under its International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) programme.